Christian Is Not A White Mans Religion

The fastest growing religion among Black males, sadly, is Islam. I identify with some of the root causes of this, as I too once thought Islam was a better alternative to Christianity, in my teens.

I was once caught up in Orthodox Islam and, later, the Nation of Islam.

The common denominator is that Islamic propaganda does a great job in selling millions on the false notion that it is a natural religion, particularly, for those who are oppressed.

They point out how Christianity was supposedly forced on Africans by slave traders and that the White man gave us his religion in exchange for our identity.

Many young White Americans are starting to buy into this lie.

Yes, it is true that everything Black was once couched in language that made it evil and all that is white, the language made it good.

Heck, even Napoleon tried to blow up the Sphinx, hating its African origin.

These facts make it much easier for many to be led into deception.

However, more and more, over the past 80 years, the truth has been revealed that people of African descent have played a major role throughout human history, in that which is both good and evil.

Not just that which is negative, as some would have us to believe.

The truth is that there Black Africans were in the Upper Room when the Holy Spirit came.

Ethiopia was likely the first Christian nation in the world.
A Black African, Simon of Cyrene (Matt. 27:32) helped to carry Jesus cross.

A Black African took the Word of God back to Ethiopia after being witnessed to by Phillip (Acts 8:26,27) and, thus, Ethiopia became a Christian nation, long before any European nation thought about it.

There were Black African Coptic Christians in the 1st Century, in Carthage by the 2nd Century.

Those who called Christianity a White Religion should study Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria, Origen of Alexandria, Cyprian, Athanasius and Augustine of Hippo.

The notion that Christianity is a White Mans Religion is not only historically inaccurate, but it is a lie from the pit of Satans hell intended to distract from Gods reality.

Food for thought for the day, for those who have been miseducated by radical Islamic propaganda or by that of Black Nationalists.

Black Americans: Are We Being Sold Off?

Prior to the Atlantic Slave trade, slavery was existent in Africa, in a different context than what Africans encountered prior to the aforementioned.

Some Africans (no different than the Greeks, Romans, and other civilizations) had been in the practice of capturing and selling their enemies off as slaves.

When some were selling other Africans to European slave traders, it was not people of their own villages. It was whom they deemed their enemy.

I would submit to you that, in America, this practice of selling off Black persons  by other Black Americans of African descent  is still applicable, but without any of the tribal or historical boundaries of ante-bellum African slave traders.

There are many Black leaders today who are selling off millions of fellow Black Americans into economic, moral, and spiritual bondage, through political manipulation.

All of it for profit and influence within a larger system. It is a centuries old tradition practiced by the elites.

When Black leaders, for example, support Big Labor policies, oppose school choice, support minimum wage hikes, socialized medicine, and amnesty for illegal aliens (Which will increase Black unemployment), it is reminiscent of Africans who sold their enemies, albeit also African, into slavery.

When Black leaders, furthermore, defend Satanic abortion policies that have taken the life of over 16 million Black babies in the past 30 years, this is a form of selling off other Blacks for personal gain.

It is so much more sinister than merely selling out.

Some of those present day traders are Al Sharpton, Jesse Jackson, many members of the Congressional Black Caucus, and many leaders within the NAACP and Urban League, who have been tenacious supporters of social and economic policies which devastated families and whole communities, as well as directly led to the death of millions of persons.

The moral here is that anyone who would support the above stated policies is not your friend.

He or she is your declared enemy and, without a shadow of a doubt, views you as a slave just waiting to be sold off.

THE WISE MAN BRINGS GOLD

English: Adoration of the Wise Men by Murillo (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays to all.  During this time of joyous celebration, of gift giving and receiving, I ask, “What is the one gift that best represents a prosperous New Year?”

Thinking back to the original Christmas gifts, I couldn’t help but notice a powerful economics lesson contained in the story of the Three Wise Men.  They traveled great distances from Asia, North Africa and Western Europe to get to Bethlehem.  Lacking sophisticated navigation systems, they followed the Bethlehem Star, a reference point fixed in the heavens.  If not for this heavenly gift, the Three Wise Men would not have found Jesus.

All other measurements of time and distance have evolved from, and are made possible by, this fixed reference.  The more complex a society, the more it depends on fixed standards of measure.  In our highly advanced society, consider what life would be like if we had to check the news channel to see if an hour closed at 60 minutes or if a foot was still 12 inches.  Life would be  chaos.  An equally important unit of measure, the dollar, is not fixed to any standard of value.  As a result, we have financial chaos.

Markets do not determine the value of the dollar, politicians do.  Markets simply react to their policies, so blaming markets for a weak dollar is hypocrisy of the highest order.  It is the equivalent of throwing sand in the gears then blaming the engine.  What do you expect from politicians?

US Gold Standard Balance

US Gold Standard Balance (Photo credit: hyperion327)

This brings me back to the Three Wise Men.  Is it a coincidence that one of them brought gold?  Just as the Bethlehem Star is a fixed reference in the galaxy, Gold is a fixed reference point among the galaxy of prices.  It has held its purchasing power relative to other goods for more than 400 years (and probably longer if we had the data to prove it.)  When a currency has been defined as a specific weight of gold, it too has retained its purchasing power.  Some call this “sound money” or “hard money”.  Alternatively, under the “paper dollar standard”, which began in 1971, the dollar has lost over 90% of its value.  That’s right, nine-zero!

The most solemn pledge a government can make to its citizens is to maintain the value of its currency.  Doing so preserves the income, savings and living standards of the people, while failure means confiscation.  Think of it this way:  The government issues two types of obligations, one is interest bearing (Treasury securities) and the other is non-interest bearing (Federal Reserve Notes, or currency).  Recall the ruckus that occurred around the debt ceiling fiasco with the mere mention of the possibility that the U.S. would even consider defaulting on its interest bearing obligations.  Compare that to the silent default that occurs routinely when politicians diminish the value of the dollar.

If you ordered a drink and it was watered down, you would speak up.  If you ordered the 12 oz. steak and received the 8 oz. instead, you would speak up.  With gold convertibility, you can speak up.  If the Fed watered down the money supply, citizens could take delivery of the underlying collateral, thereby reducing the money supply and preserving the value of all dollars.

A gold-standard 1928 one-dollar bill. It is identified as a United States Note rather than a Federal Reserve note and by the words Will Pay to the Bearer on Demand, which do not appear on todays currency. This clause became obsolete in 1933 but remained on new notes for 30 years thereafter. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

History is clear.  Economic growth is strongest and unemployment is lowest when the dollar is defined as having a fixed value.  Further, the rise in oil prices is fully explained by the decline in the value of the dollar.  Defining the dollar in terms of gold will result in lower and stable gas prices.  Finally, a return to sound money also means the Fed would have to end the amazingly stupid policy of raising interest rates every time wages started to increase.  Memo to the Fed:  wage growth is a sign that prosperity is about to be enjoyed by every corner of society and that is a good thing.

The only winners under a paper dollar standard have been the Progressives who want to systematically transfer power and liberty from the people to the government.  And make no mistake, there are many big government Republicans who might as well be Progressives.

My favorite Wise Man is the one who brought gold.  Let’s be wise and demand a return to sound money.  It will be the greatest gift we can give each other. This will represent the largest transfer of power from the government to the people in the history of the republic.  If we stick together we have them outnumbered.  If we bring the heat, politicians will see the light.  It’s your turn to speak up.  Wishing all of you a prosperous New Year!

THE NEW BLACK PANTHERS MUST BE STOPPED!

Friends, the New Black Panthers have no authority to call for riots, solicit murder, and promote the overthrow of the American government. I say ENOUGH IS ENOUGH. I say that it is time that we no longer stand idle in the face of domestic terrorism. Do you stand with me? Please sign the Petition demanding that the U.S. Dept. of Justice Act NOW. Most of all, share this on your blogs, websites, radio shows, and every social media you are a part of. This will go directly to the Criminal Division of the Dept. of Justice.

We are calling on U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder, to file Federal Charges against the Leaders of the New Black Panthers for violation of the following federal law: 18 U.S.C. § 2101 : US Code Section 2101: Riots; 18 USC § 1959 Violent Crimes in Aid of Racketeering Activity; 18 USC § 249 Hate Crimes Act; 18 U.S.C. 2385; and 18 U.S.C. 2389 Recruiting For Services Against The United States

The New Black Panthers, in response to the tragic death of Trayvon Martin and an active or pending investigation, have attempted to create a race riot, promote an overthrow of the American government, and have solicited the death of an American citizen, George Zimmerman. The New Black Panther have:

1) Offered a bounty for George Zimmerman, which suggests that bodily harm or death should come to an American citizen (Mr. Zimmerman) for a fee: (http://news.yahoo.com/black-panthers-offer-reward-george-zimmerman-215400338.html)

Mr. George Zimmerman had been charged with a crime at the time of the issuing of the initial bounty, which said dead alive. Therefore, the New Black Panthers had no legal standing to authorize what would essentially amount to the kidnapping of a citizen under the false pretense of a citizens arrest.

More importantly, they have no authorization under the law, under any circumstance, to issue a wanted dead or alive bounty on an American citizen.

2) Promoted, via social media and other postings, a race riot: http://www.breitbart.com/Breitbart-TV/2012/04/08/New-Black-Panthers-Call-For-Race-War-Blood-Shed-Kill-Crackers-For-Trayvon-April-9th-Day-of-Action

The exact wording is that those listening to the call should get suited up, loaded up, armed up, and booted up for the race war.

This speech is likely to provoke an average listener to retaliation, and thereby cause a breach of peace, which falls outside of the protection of the First Amendment because the words have no important role in the marketplace of ideas that the freedom of speech is designed to promote. (see: Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire)

The government can regulate speech that is intended and likely to incite imminent lawless action, or where the speech presents a clear and present danger to the security of the nation. (See: Brandenburg v. Ohio)

3. Knowingly and willfully advocated, advised, or taught the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing or destroying the government of the United States

4. Recruited soldiers or sailors within the United States to engage in armed hostility against the same.

U.S. Attorney General, Eric Holder, is obligated to act NOW to protect the peace of the Nation and to enforce rule of law.

Should There Be a Constitutional Ban on Same Sex Marriage?

“I am … a strong supporter of traditional marriage. This union between a man and a woman is the building block of the family and the cornerstone of our society. Thirty-one states have either passed constitutional amendments to define marriage as between one man and one woman or have passed initiatives that uphold this traditional definition

Congressman King advocates for a constitutional amendment to defend marriage as the union between one man and one woman.”

I agreed then with Congressman Steve King, both morally and economically. I still agree with the Congressman.

More importantly, I agree with the Word of God, where marriage is clearly defined:

  • Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall join to his wife: and they shall be one flesh.-Genesis 2:24
  • 1 Cor. 7:2-3 says, Since there is so much immorality each man should have his own wife, and each woman her own husband. The husband should fulfill his marital duty to his wife and likewise.
The Bible also presents several condemnations of the practice of homosexuality:
  • Leviticus 18:22 You shall not lie with a male as one lies with a female; it is an abomination
  • Leviticus 20:13 If there is a man who lies with a male as those who lie with a woman, both of them have committed a detestable act; they shall surely be put to death. Their bloodguiltiness is upon them.
  • Romans 1:26-27 For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural, and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error.
  • Jude 1:6-7 (NASB) And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day, just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.
The angry backlash experienced by Congressman Steve King and those who are resolute in their commitment to the sanctity of marriage between a man and a woman is not actually a personal attack on those who take such a stance. It is a reject of the God who created both man and woman.
It is, for all intents and purposes, moral surrender.
There are, however, more than moral questions to the issue of same sex marriage or domestic partnerships. There are also economic questions to be considered. Specifically, the certainty of an increase in taxes.
A 2012 study from the General Budget Office concluded that extending federal benefits to same-sex couples will cost taxpayers $898 million over the next nine years;

This is in reference to the Domestic Partnership Benefits and Obligations Act H.R. 2517.

Per the Bureau of Public Debt at the Treasury Department, the gross federal debt of the United States has reached $15,888,741,858,820.66.

Additionally, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has admitted that a lot of the costs for administering Obamacare aren’t counted in the original cost estimate.

Per the CATO Institute:

There’s at least $5 billion to $10 billion in Health and Human Services (HHS) spending, and another $5 billion to $10 billion for the IRS. Just this year, HHS asked for an additional $850 million to pay for setting up a federal backup exchange in 2013. None of these costs are counted in the original cost estimate. Further, there’s the $300 billion in physician fees.

Add the potential $898 million costs of the Domestic Partnership Benefits and Obligations Act to the above-stated costs of ObamaCare that were not included in the original estimates and what you have is another great depression.

Not every American is a Bible believing Christian. This is why the Biblical views of marriage between a man and woman is increasingly challenged as unconstitutional and bigoted.

However, regardless of ones religious preference or ideology, there is a tie that binds: economics.

No one who cares about American wants to see this nation suffer an total economic collapse.

Congressman Steve King asserted that he supports  a constitutional amendment to defend marriage as the union between one man and one woman.

In light of the substantive, material evidence provided by the General Budget Office and the Congressional Budget Office, the verdict is in:

A constitutional amendment banning gay marriage is necessary for both the social and economic stability of our Republic.

Obama Strikes a Blow to Free Enterprise

On Wednesday, January 4, 2012, President Barack Obama used recess appointments to fill three vacant seats on the National Labor Relations Board ( http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/01/04/us-obama-labor-appointments-idUSTRE80321B20120104). Democrats Sharon Block and Richard Griffin and Republican Terence Flynn were the appointees. These appointments were preceded by the Presidents appointing of Richard Cordray as the director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau {CFPB} (http://www.nationaljournal.com/obama-to-appoint-cordray-as-head-of-consumer-bureau-20120104)

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce immediately issued a press release condemning the appointments: “‘This Controversial Appointment is Unprecedented, Constitutionally Questionable, and Puts the Authority of the Director and the Validity of the Bureau’s Work in Legal Jeopardy,’ Says U.S. Chamber of Commerce President and CEO Thomas J. Donohue (http://www.uschamber.com/press/releases/2012/january/us-chamber-condemns-unprecedented-recess-appointment-cfpb-director)

President Obama contends that Article II, Section 2, Clause 3 of the Constitution grants him the power to make the above-stated appointments.  The Article does grant the President the ability to “fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session.”  Ed O Keefe provides a thorough examination of recess appointments (http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/federal-eye/post/what-is-a-recess-appointment/2012/01/04/gIQAA4WCbP_blog.html).

In spite of the President’s claim that the appointments are granted by the constitution, constitutional scholars beg to differ. In one report by the National Right To Work Committee, (http://www.nrtwc.org/obama-nlrb-actions-unconstitutional/) Professors John Yoo and Richard Epstein, writing separately, both concluded that, under Article II, section 2, the President may make temporary recess appointments, but only when the Senate is in recess.  The concluded:  “Add in Article I, section 5 (http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/articlei), and it’s plain that the Senate is presently not in recess, just as it wasn’t under Senate Democrats when George W. Bush wanted to make recess appointments. The difference here is that Bush respected those constitutional provisions while Obama — never a constitutional law professor but only a part-time instructor – ignores them as politically inconvenient.”

It is my earnest opinion that The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is merely a lobbying arm for labor unions. The unofficial objective of the NLRB has seemingly been to pervert labor laws to the benefit of unions (i.e., Davis Bacon Act/Prevailing Wage, and Project Labor Agreements), at the expense of the rule of law. President Barack Obamas recess appointments were a calculated insurance policy.

President Obama’s apparent intention is to position both the NLRB and CFPB, beyond his probable exit from office, to maintain their ability to successfully manipulate big government politicians to enable their ability to execute unauthorized and unlawful abuses of their regulatory power as executive agencies.

Jimmy Greene, CEO and President of the Saginaw Valley Associated, Builders and Contractors (http://www.abcsvc.org/About_Us/ABC_Staff.aspx), offers a compelling outlook regarding the Presidents NLRB appointments: The president’s decision to ignore the Constitution and decades of established precedent is an overt political act that is beyond the pale as far as we at ABC are concerned. Under his administration, the NLRB has been transformed from a neutral arbiter of labor law disputes into an activist organization that promotes the special interests of politically powerful unions. This proves beyond any crystal ball required what the next 4 years will look like under an Obama administration. This is simply a minimal look at what is to come.

In the final analysis, fellow Americans, President Obamas appointments serve as not only a bold disregard of the powers granted to Congress, but also serve as notice of his unending commitment to undermining the constitutional principles of free enterprise, open and fair competition. Through these NLRB appointments, President Obama has assured that, at least until 2013, the NLRB is equipped to wage warfare against all who oppose unfair labor practices, forced unionism, and economic exploitation of the American taxpayers.

Walking Off the Democrat Plantation The Providence of Change (part 1 of 3)

Written By: Providence Crowder

Ok, here’s the story.  I was born and raised a Democrat.  As odd as “being born a Democrat” may sound, that statement is as true as it is tragic.  Both of my parents were, my aunts and uncles were, and every influential adult in my life proclaimed to be . . . a Democrat.  I hadn’t considered questioning why because politics didn’t interest me much.  I inherently knew that I was one, and when I became of voting age, the fundamental rule was that I must vote the party line all the way down the voting ticket.  Why Democrat, you may ask?  Because all black people, as far as I was told, voted Democrat.  And since I was black, that made me Democrat.  So when I turned 18 years of age, I registered to vote and voted as any good black American would. I followed the example of those around me and saddled that Democrat donkey every election Tuesday without understanding the issues, without learning the party platforms, and without a thorough assessment of the candidates.  Heck, I didn’t even care to know such things; I just wanted the Democrats to win the election against those “racist” Republicans that I had been taught were against black people.  I wanted the rich to pay their fair share like we, the poor and working class Americans, were.  I didn’t even mind a little redistribution of wealth when it came to someone else’s fortune, as long as mine was left alone.

MY CHRISTIAN ROOTS

Moreover, my Christian roots ran deeper than my Democratic ones.  I was raised in a strongly conservative Christian home, and even though for a time I had strayed, I eventually grew to know and love Christ on my own as an adult.  Christianity became no longer my parent’s religion, but MY faith, MY conviction, MY choice.  I eventually began to seek godliness in all areas of my life; work, home, recreation . . . in everything.  My Christian worldview even caused me to, for the first time, examine my politics.

Upon a closer examination of my party, I learned that most of the Democratic Party’s platform stood against many biblical moral standards.  Generally, they rejected the biblical definition of marriage and they overwhelmingly supported abortion.  I learned that more often than not, when I voted for a Democratic candidate, I was voting against my family values.   That troubled me greatly and I began to question my loyalty to the party; and after I began to make my way through college and learn a little about economics, I discovered that the Democratic Party’s economic policies were detrimental for not only black Americans, but for all Americans!

Their socialist policies have managed to create a permanent underclass of poor blacks dependent on government programs and entitlements for survival.  Their policies have done what 400 years of slavery couldn’t do; destroy the black family.  The government has replaced the father in many poor black households by promising young mothers that they would provide for her and her children and pay her bills, as long as the father was not in the home.  Their policies have discouraged work by providing greater benefits and incentives for staying home.  Their policies have supported the genocide of black babies through the public funding of “murder on demand” corporations such as Planned Parenthood.  Their policies have turned affirmative action into an unfair quota system that discriminates against white men and at the same time puts into question the qualifications and merit of accomplished blacks.  After learning all this, I remembered on several occasions telling my husband, “You know I’m a Republican on paper.  I like the party but not the people.  They are spot on point and I agree with most of what they’re saying, but I will not vote for any of those racists.”

I was almost free, but the great escape didn’t come without challenge.  After all that I had learned, I still wanted a reason to vote Democrat because I subconsciously feared going against my cultural norm. I had just the reason.  Republicans were racist and did NOT want me to be a part of their party!  Though I had seen those black Republican weirdo sell-outs on TV (through sound bites played on MSNBC), it wasn’t until my first personal encounter with a black Republican, a friend and co-worker, that I would finally break the Democratic stronghold, break free from the groupthink politics that have left blacks politically inept; escape the mental slavery that the modern day plantation of “entitlements” and “government help” have used to entice many into laziness, dependency, and unproductivity.  Rachel Maddow and Keith Olbermann were starting to lose their grip on me.

HELP FROM A FRIEND

My dear conservative friend introduced me to some historical facts about the Democratic Party that helped push me to research for myself whether or not the claims he made were true.  What I learned crushed my beliefs that the Republican Party was full of racists who were trying to hold the black man down.  What I learned left me with no affinity for my inherited party; I was left, finally, with NO good reason to vote Democrat.

What I found out in my quest for political clarity was that the Republican party passed EVERY civil rights legislation in regard to black Americans, including the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act, which was signed by a Democrat president but only passed because of a Republican congress’ overwhelming support.  Most Democrats in congress opposed it.  Republicans passed the 13th amendment, freeing black slaves; the 14th amendment, giving blacks their citizenship; the 15th amendment, granting blacks the right to vote.  Even still, whenever Democrats would take back control of the white house and congress, they would prevent blacks from buying land, they denied them fair wages for their work, and they undid many of the civil rights advancements of the Republicans.

Republicans were largely responsible for promoting and defending the civil rights of blacks while Democrats fought to lynch us, enslave us, and keep us as second-class citizens.  I discovered that even civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was Republican and so was abolitionist Frederick Douglass.  Other abolitionists, both black and white, were Republican.  In fact, I learned that the Republican Party (initially comprised of disgruntled Democrats, Whigs, and Free Soil party members) was established in 1854 as the anti-slavery party; they opposed the spreading of slavery into free states.

I had always been told that white people were the ones who upheld slavery and fought to keep black people down.  I had never heard the political aspect of the civil rights controversy.  White people who identified themselves as Republican (most also identified themselves as Protestant Christians or Evangelicals) fought to free black slaves.  They clearly identified their enemy as Democrat, or Southern Democrat, the ones who wanted to maintain and spread slavery.  John Mark Reynolds once said of the Republican Party, “When it came time to confront the original sin of the nation—slavery—the Republican Party was on the Lord’s side.” Once they were granted the right to vote, blacks voted Republican and worked alongside white Republicans to advance our freedom in this country.

The Transatlantic Slave Trade (pt. 2)

“Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today”- Malcolm X

“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically Intelligence plus character that is the goal of true education.” Martin Luther king Jr.

Thus began John Joness letter to Illinois Governor Richard Yates, November 4,1864. By the time Jones wrote this letter he was the best-known and wealthiest African-American in the state. Though wealthier by far than most Illinoisans, still Jones could not vote.

Your petitioner, though humble in position, and having no political status in your State, notwithstanding I have resided in it for twenty-five years, and today am paying taxes on thirty thousand dollars, most humbly beseech you to recommend in your Message to the Legislature the repeal of the Black Laws of this your State.

Born in North Carolina in 1816 or 1817, Jones had arrived about 1841 in Madison County, Illinois, where he took up residence illegally. It was not until three years later, as he prepared to move to Chicago with his wife and infant daughter, that he filed the necessary bond and received his certificate of freedom, a document required by every black person in the state. Because he had been born out of state, under the law of 1829 he was required to file a bond of $1,000 to insure that he would not become a charge to the county, or violate any laws. Although Illinois entered the Union nominally as a free state in 1818, slavery had existed there for nearly one hundred years. It would continue to exist, albeit under increasing restrictions, until 1845.

But the elimination of legal slavery did not mean the removal of the Black Codes. Indeed, it was not until the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the adoption of the Illinois Constitution of 1870 that the last legal barriers (but not the societal) ended. Like their midwestern neighbors, most early Illinois settlers believed in white supremacy and African-American inferiority. Consequently, Illinois constitutions and laws reflected those views.

Not only did Illinois newspapers carry advertisements for runaways, the state attempted to further discourage black immigration by raising new barriers. The 1829 law required any free black to register in the county seat and post a $1,000 bond to cover costs should they become indigent or violate state or local laws. Since few black men or women had such sums available, they usually had to find a friendly white man to act as surety for them. At the same time, blacks also had to register their certificates of freedom from the state from which they immigrated.

Despite the restrictions and repression, the Illinois black population continued to grow slowly. While the number of slaves continued to decline, the indenture system remained harsh and restrictive. As late as 1843, United States Senator-elect Sidney Breese,( Democrat)  needing money to set up housekeeping in Washington, D.C., wrote to former Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Menard, offering to place in your hands some valuable negroes with power to sell them. .

Plessy v. Ferguson, Plessy (P), 7/8 white and having white skin, attempted to sit in an all-white railroad car. After refusing to sit in the black railway carriage car, Plessy was arrested for violating an 1890 Louisiana statute that provided for segregated “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. Those using facilities not designated for their race were criminally liable under the statute.

The case arose from resentment among black and Creole residents of New Orleans and was supported by the railroad companies, who felt it unnecessary to pay the cost of separate cars. Justice Henry Billings Brown wrote the majority opinion, stating that “separate but equal” laws did not imply the inferiority of one race to another. Justice John Harlan (1833–1911) dissented, arguing that the U.S. Constitution was color-blind. The decision provided constitutional sanction for the adoption throughout the South of a comprehensive series of Jim Crow laws, which were maintained until overruled in 1954 by Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans. It had particular relevance to education, with Justice Brown drawing parallels between race segregation on trains and in educational facilities.

At trial with Justice John H. Ferguson (D) presiding, Plessy was found guilty on the grounds that the law was a reasonable exercise of the state’s police powers based upon custom, usage, and tradition in the state.

Plessy filed a petition for writs of prohibition and certiorari in the Supreme Court of Louisiana against Ferguson, asserting that segregation stigmatized blacks and stamped them with a badge of inferiority in violation of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth amendments.

The Supreme Court ruling in 1896 in Plessy v. Ferguson that separate facilities for whites and blacks were constitutional encouraged the passage of discriminatory laws that wiped out the gains made by blacks during Reconstruction. Railways and streetcars, public waiting rooms, restaurants, boardinghouses, theaters, and public parks were segregated; separate schools, hospitals, and other public institutions, generally of inferior quality, were designated for blacks.

By World War I, even places of employment were segregated, and it was not until after World War II that an assault on Jim Crow in the South began to make headway. In 1950 the Supreme Court ruled that the Univ. of Texas must admit a black, Herman Sweatt, to the law school, on the grounds that the state did not provide equal education for him. This was followed (1954) by the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., declaring separate facilities by race to be unconstitutional.

 

Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka. In a landmark case regarding segregation of schools, the Supreme Court ruled in 1954 that segregation in public schools violated rights established in the 14th Amendment. The case involved an eight-year-old girl named Linda Brown who had to cross Topeka, Kansas, to go to school, while her white friends attended a public school nearby. Even while the two schools were apparently equal, Brown’s parents argued that the schools were inherently unequal and that segregation has deleterious effects on children based on “intangible” factors. As a direct result of the Brown vs. Board of Education decision, the city received a federal court order to desegregate its public schools.

Local Schools funded by Property Taxes & Forced Registration

While many of our citizens prosper, others doubt the promise, even the justice, of our own country. The ambitions of some Americans are limited by failing schools and hidden prejudice and the circumstances of their birth. And sometimes our differences run so deep, it seems we share a continent, but not a country.

We do not accept this, and we will not allow it. Our unity, our union, is the serious work of leaders and citizens in every generation. And this is my solemn pledge: I will work to build a single nation of justice and opportunity. . . .

America has never been united by blood or birth or soil. We are bound by ideals that move us beyond our backgrounds, lift us above our interests and teach us what it means to be citizens. Every child must be taught these principles. Every citizen must uphold them. And every immigrant, by embracing these ideals, makes our country more, not less, American.1

–       President George W. Bush, January 2001

Since the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case was decided, the countrys public schools struggle with many of the same racial disparities that confronted the Supreme Court during that fateful period. The civil rights movement built on Brown to end mass de jure segregation in the Southern states, and schools across the country generally became more integrated through the 1980s. Since then, however, progress towards desegregation has reversed, and the national conversation on this goal has stalled.

Despite a national focus on improving public education, desegregation is often left off the reform agenda. Our national regression on desegregation is apparent in a number of statistics. According to the Civil Rights Project at the University of California, 2006-2007 data show that most African-American and Latino students attend schools that are three-fourths minority students, with two in five Latino and African-American students attending intensely segregated schools of 90-100 percent minority enrollment.

Sadly, as large numbers of black and Latino families have moved from cities to surrounding suburbs, segregation has moved with them: around 40 percent of black students and nearly 50 percent of Latino students in the suburbs are in schools that are less than 20 percent white.

School segregation contradicts our deepest values of equality and justice, and it has direct academic consequences for our children. The Civil Rights Project reported in 2009 that high minority, low-income schools are disproportionately identified as failing schools under the No Child Left Behind benchmarks, meaning that vast majorities of minority children in these schools fail to demonstrate proficient scores in basic subjects.

The correlation between high minority and low-income populations in public school settings means these students experience severely unequal access to educational resources, quality academic curricula, credentialed teachers who are committed to staying in that community, and meaningful collegiate and professional opportunities

No Longer a Slave

I have made up my mind wherever I go, I shall go as a man and not as a slave. I shall always aim to be courteous and mild in deportment toward all whom I come in contact, at the same time firmly and constantly endeavoring to assert my equal rights as a man and as a brother.- Frederick Douglass

By: Stacy Swimp

I am a proud American who just so happens to be of African descent (I am the great, great, great, great grandson of Peter Adams, who was an African Slave on a South Carolina plantation). I am a black man who does indeed embrace the absolute best of the values of my ancestors and I have learned from the mistakes as well.

I am, furthermore, a Black man one who finds utter disgust in the absolute moral surrender of millions of Black Americans today, who, unlike Frederick Douglass and unlike my ancestor, Peter Adams, have no personal experience with chattel slavery or Jim Crow and, thus, have no excuses for not fully embracing the responsibilities of American citizenship. I am, therefore, compelled to write a personal testimony, that I might demonstrate that in todays America, if we, like Frederick Douglass, make up our mind that we shall, wherever we go, go as a man and not a slave, there are no permanent boundaries around us, that we do not place around ourselves.

My story begins in Charleston, S.C., where I was born to a single mother of three. My father was a married man whose wife could not bear children. As you can see, I was born into drama. Unable to care for me, my biological mother gave me to my father and his wife, signing away all rights and, effectively, setting my life on a journey she would one day come to regret, in her own words.

My father was a military veteran of 21 years. His wife, who raised me as her own, accepting her husbands infidelity, was a passive woman who I recall substituted in my elementary school and, for most of her life, has dedicated herself to the education of children. However, in this home, there were many problems. Alcoholism, domestic violence, denial, and abuse and neglect of the internal nature (I never went without physical needs). Somehow, a child who, by the age of 4, was on a first grade reading level, would, beaten down by the weight of the aforementioned dysfunction and self hatred, one day find himself functionally illiterate.

In the Black community, there has long been a culture of hushing children who have been molested, as we pretended that only white men did such a thing. At the age of eight, I was molested by my mothers brother. In response to my experience, my family rejected me and defended my assailant. I was further pushed into emotional isolation and, moreover, virile hatred of those I once trusted. I became disillusioned even towards God, though I had been raised in the Catholic Church and was certainly present, by the will of my grandmother, every Sunday morning at mass.

This young person who so loved school entering kindergarten, no longer had the desire to learn. At least not what they were teaching in the classrooms. I had lost my dignity. Lost my sense of direction and had no one in my life that seemed to notice or care. By the age of 12, I was attracted to the subculture of the streets of Virginia where we had recently moved from Texas. I dropped out of school in the 8th grade to pursue this insane fantasy. No one came looking for me. I found myself in juvenile centers on several occasions by age 15. By the age of 25, so far removed from the positive early formative years and its learning, I found myself facing life in prison for attempted murder. A senseless and selfish crime of passion. Like many who have been brainwashed by victimology and blameology, I honestly thought, at the time, that even this was not fully my responsibility.

I entered the Department of Corrections with no skills, no purpose, no sense of identity, and most of all, no concept of personal accountability or responsibility. I had no knowledge of God and no reason to want to live, by my own account. Then something miraculous happened.

A retired Conservative Police Chief, who was a volunteer for Forgotten Man Ministries, came and witnessed to me. I will never forget thinking that he must be gay, as I could not fathom what this old white dude wants with me. Unfazed by my ignorance and spiritual blindness, this man eventually led me to a confession of sin, repentance from dead works, and faith towards God.  He became my first mentor. Over the course of the next thirteen (13) years of incarceration, I, like Frederick Douglass, remade myself, by luck, pluck, and gifts. I chose to overcome functional illiteracy and eventually became a para legal in the system. While there, another man came along who would impact me in a way that will forever be the defining moment in my life, politically. His name is Gary. He was an elderly Republican from Gaylord, MI.

Gary was a guard in a camp who saw something in me. He took a chance on me and risked his job to sneak in a book for me, Its OK to Leave the Plantation, by Mason Weavor. Mason Weavors book got in my face and challenged all the social values and concepts I held on to for dear life. It taught me that I had indeed been a slave in a manner far worse than the walls of the MDOC. My mentor, Gary, said that he saw in me someone who would one day lead in an unprecedented manner, if I would have the courage to be true to the calling he believed God had on my life. He told me that the Republican party was the party of  Frederick Douglass and that he believed I, in many ways, could be a type of Frederick Douglass, in the 21st Century GOP. I thought Gary saw more in me than I did myself at the time.

A short time later, I was released. I found myself immediately living in a homeless shelter, with no community ties, no job skills, and no resources. I did, however, have a few important tools: an uncompromising faith in God, a vision, my Mason Weaver book, and a determination that I would never again be a slave to blame, guilt, fear, bitterness, and excuses. I also had a few words my heart carried, If no one will help me, I will help myself and then I will help someone else. If no one will make a job for me, I will make a job for myself, and then I will make a job for someone else.

While in the shelter,  I volunteered daily, whenever not looking for a job. I never told anyone I was in a shelter and never once borrowed or complained. I immediately joined a local church and in three weeks, I had an apartment. Within a year, unable to land steady employment, I created an limited liability company six months later and began getting speaking engagements for myself to talk about how to overcome a troubled past. I bought a new car within that same six month period.

The next year I met another mentor, Jimmy, a conservative  from Saginaw, MI. Jimmy invited me to join his group, The Great Lakes Bay Region African American Leadership Institute, from which I graduated and later advised. In this group, I began meeting Republican leaders from across Mid Michigan who did not see in me an ex con, but a leader. They did not want to hear any excuses or woeism. They only wanted me to do what I said I would do and be where I said I would be. Among this group of leaders and mentors where  Rep. Ken Horn, County Commissioner Ann Doyle and many others.

Over the next several years, I would go on to be the keynote speaker at the Dow Chemical Company and Dow Cornings Regional MLK, Jr. Celebration, win a Frederick Douglass Service Award given by an affiliate of an National Black Womens organization, create a successful Juvenile Justice non profit sponsored by The Dow Chemical, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, McDonalds of Outstate Michigan, The Johnny Burke Foundation, and The Saginaw Community Foundation.

I would go on to join the Republican Party, because I believed then and I believe now that the Republican Party is still the party of Freedom. It is still the party that offers Black Americans the best opportunity to be self reliant and to rebuild the wastelands that have become the legacy of the Democrat leadership in distressed black communities over the past 50 years.

I became a graduate of the Saginaw County Vision 20/20 1000 Leaders Initiative, a 2010 graduate of Leadership Saginaw, a valued member of the Saginaw Chamber of Commerce Leadership Alumni Association, and a member of the first Board of the Young Professionals Network of the Saginaw Chamber of Commerce. Most significantly, I would become the leader of the Frederick Douglass Foundation of Michigan (FDFM).

After reading my story, I am hoping that one thing is crystal clear. It doesnt matter what obstacles we are born into or what mistakes we have made in our lives. We can, by means of repentance from dead works, faith towards God, personal responsibility and self determination, turn our humble beginnings and failures into stepping stones to success. Not one has an excuse. Not one has someone or something to blame for not being a voting, participating and productive citizen of the United States of America, the greatest country in the world.

In closing, contrary to the woeism  fostered by a Democrat platform that has miseducated three generations of Black Americans into thinking that the government and educational system is responsible for the embarrassing, high levels of illiteracy, violence, abortion, single parentage, disease, and despair so pervasive in distressed Black communities, we find ourselves where we are because too many of us have not, like Frederick Douglass, arrived to conclusion: I have made up my mind wherever I go, I shall go as a man and not as a slave. I shall always aim to be courteous and mild in department toward all whom I come in contact, at the same time firmly and constantly endeavoring to assert my equal rights as a man and as a brother